Scientific Name: lithobates (Rana) catesbeinas
Habitat: lakes, ponds, bogs, small streams
Diet: worms, insects, crayfish, snails, frogs, tadpoles, fish eggs
Life Span: 7 – 9 years (16 years in captivity)
Young: groups of 3,000 – 20,000
Size: up to 1.5 kg
The American Bullfrog is native to North America. Its original habitat lies north-to-south from Nova Scotia, Canada, to central Florida in the United States and east-to-west from the coast, to Wisconsin, and across the Great Plains to the Rockies. They are now, however, found almost worldwide due to importation and accidental or intentional release. In areas where bullfrogs have been introduced, they consume the local frog species and compete with them for food, resulting in rapid population declines in local frog, snake, and turtle species.
American Bullfrogs are typically olive-green in color, sometimes mottled with grayish-brown. Their bellies are off-white with yellow or gray. Their eyes are prominent, with horizontal almond-shaped pupils. Their forelegs are short and sturdy and their hind legs are long. The American Bullfrog is the largest frog species in North America.
Bullfrogs are predators who eat snakes, worms, insects, crustaceans, frogs, tadpoles, and fish eggs, frogs, insects, and salamanders. They are also cannibalistic and will even eat each other.
American bullfrog legs are considered a delicacy.
For more information about the American Bull Frog visit Animal Diversity Web, or visit the Edmonton Valley Zoo!