Scientific Name: panthera tigris altaica
Habitat: forests and mountains
Diet: prefer deer and wild boar; also small mammals
Life span: 8 – 10 years in the wild (12 – 18 years in captivity)
Young: 2 – 3 cubs per litter
Size: 167 – 186 kg; females are smaller
The Siberian Tiger, also known as the Amur Tiger, primarily inhabit the Russian Far East throughout the length of Primorsky Krai Range and into southern Khabarovsk Krai. They also occur within the Eastern Manchurian mountain system, which crosses into Russia from China.
The Siberian Tiger is the largest of all cat species. Although they have the same orange and black striped coats typical of other tiger species, their colours tend to be paler, helping them better camouflage in their dark forest environment. Their winter coats are double the length of their summer coats to help keep them warm in the cold, snowy mountains of Russia. Unlike most cats, they are avid bathers and excellent swimmers.
Siberian Tigers are solitary animals who mark their territory by scent and by scratching the ground or trees with their claws.
Siberian Tigers will mate at any time of the year, during which time males and females stay together for only a few days. The mother raises her cubs alone, and they will stay with her for three to four years before heading out on their own. Females give birth to 2 – 3 cubs every three to four years.
The Edmonton Valley Zoo is actively involved in the conservation of these magnificent animals through the Species Survival Program.
To learn more about the Siberian Tiger, visit Wikipedia, or stop by the Edmonton Valley Zoo!